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One World, One Health

One World, One Health is a developing strategy which recognises that in a globalised world, human and animal health are inextricably linked through pressures on food supplies and the emergence in recent years of new zoonotic diseases such as SARS and AI.  One World, One Health deals with the need to ensure that the activities of the animal and public health sectors are coordinated at national, regional, provincial and local levels, and should include dialogue between civil society and the private sector across disciplines.

 

Information contained within this element includes:

  • key issues affecting global public health security in the 21st century
  • guidance on how to implement cross-sectoral collaboration mechanisms
  • a model to assist the development of systems to facilitate the functioning of economies in the event of a human influenza pandemic
  • and (coming soon) a record of events of the 1918 and 1957 influenza pandemics.

Case Studies

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    This document describes the One Health project in rural Tanzania, designed to find solutions to diseases that have arisen at the human–animal–environment interface, by investigating the impact of zoonotic disease on the health and livelihoods of rural Tanzanians living in the water-limited Ruaha ecosystem.

  • Absence of 2009 Pandemic H1N1 Influenza A Virus in Fresh Pork

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    1/28/2010 12:05:17 PM
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    The emergence of the pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza A virus in humans and subsequent discovery that it was of swine influenza virus lineages raised many food safety concerns. If swine were to become infected with the pandemic virus would the meat be contaminated with virus and be a potential source of human infection? This case study addresses these issues.

  • Addressing the HPAI threat in Sri Lanka

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    4/17/2009 12:40:49 PM
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    An article from the Winter 2009 issue of the One Health Newsletter on the united approach by the veterinary and human health sectors in Sri Lanka to the threat of HPAI. The Newsletter is published by the One Health Initiative.

  • Avian influenza A (H5N1) in humans: lessons learned from Egypt

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    6/18/2010 11:49:41 AM
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    This study, recently published in Eurosurveillance, examines the recorded cases of avian influenza in humans and explains the epidemilogical significance of the findings.

  • Extensive Mammalian Ancestry of Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Virus

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    3/18/2010 3:22:35 PM
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    In 2009, a new H1N1 influenza virus (pandemic H1N1 2009) emerged in Mexico, spread to the United States, and subsequently caused the first influenza pandemic of the 21st century. This case study – funded jointly by the Department of Health and Human Services; the Korea Research Council of Fundamental Science & Technology; the Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology Research Initiative Program of Korea; the Russian Academy of Sciences; and the American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities – demonstrates that the novel pandemic influenza (H1N1) viruses have human virus–like receptor specificity and can no longer replicate in aquatic waterfowl.

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    A novel swine-origin pandemic influenza A(H1N1) virus was identified as the causative agent of the 21st century’s first influenza pandemic. This study compares the protein sequences of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic strains with those causing other pandemics and the viruses isolated from humans, swines and avians – to examine the potential roles of the mutated residues in human adaptation and virulence of the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus.

  • Influenza A (H5N1) Viruses from Pigs, Indonesia

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    8/26/2010 11:08:14 AM
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    Pigs have long been considered potential intermediate hosts in which avian influenza viruses can adapt to humans. This article, recently released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, examines surveillance to determine whether the potential exists for pigs in Indonesia.

  • Influenza: One Health in action

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    8/16/2011 4:50:41 PM
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    Dywer and Kirkland look at One Health in action and how the management and prevention of influenza and other emerging infectious diseases requires the expansion and continuing support of collaborations between human and animal health experts at the clinical, diagnostic laboratory, public health, research and training levels.

  • One Health and Climate Change

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    2/7/2011 2:44:38 PM
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    The One Health concept seeks to enhance cooperation and collaboration between physicians, veterinarians, and other scientific health professionals. Many public health professionals also view environmental health as essential to the purpose of One Health. The basic idea is that human health cannot be protected unless animal health and environmental health are also addressed. Recent incidents involving emerging zoonotic diseases and public health consequences of environmental degradation have led to calls for veterinary medicine, human medicine, and environmental health approaches to be combined and prioritised. One means to explore the One Health perspective is to assess global climate change (GCC). This paper explores how GCC can have ecosystem, human and animal health affects.

  • One Health for One World: A Compendium of Case Studies

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    5/27/2010 3:59:44 PM
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    This compendium of case studies, prepared by Veterinarians without Borders with support from the Canadian Public Health Agency, promotes that the health of people, animals, and the ecosystem are inextricably woven together. The compendium includes a broad range of disease outbreaks across the globe including avian influenza H5N1 and pandemic influenza H1N1. Each study includes basic information about the clinical disease and the infectious agent associated with it, a description of why the disease is appropriate for one-health approaches, responses and conclusions, and implications for government, business and research policies.

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Documents

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    A joint framework produced in October 2008 by FAO, WHO, UNSIC, UNICEF, OIE and the World Bank. It will guide national authorities in implementing strategies to minimise the global impact of epidemics and pandemics by enhancing disease intelligence, surveillance and emergency response systems, and by supporting them through strong and stable public and animal health services and effective national communication strategies.

  • FAO HPAI Messages: Protect Poultry Protect People

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    10/17/2008 8:51:29 AM
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    Provides general advice for reducing the risk of infection of avian influenza–animal to animal and animal to human

  • From wild birds to human: the H5N1 experience

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    2/10/2010 1:05:19 PM
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    This presentation, delivered by Richard Webby and Malik Peiris at the global consultation meeting held in Switzerland during November 2009, discusses the transmission of H5N1 from wild birds to humans.

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    This document describes the Food and Agriculture Organisation’s response to highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), and provides information on their jointly developed ‘One World One Health’ strategic framework for reducing risks of infectious diseases at the animal-human-ecosystems interface. Key issues related to the control of HPAI and other emerging infectious diseases are described along with medium and long term strategies to address such problems.

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    The outcomes of the second Joint Scientific Consultation among the FAO, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have been published. The document underlines the growing consensus that the scientific community must move beyond avian influenza to reduce disease risks, especially those emerging from animals with potential implications for human health, food security and livelihoods.

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    This FAO manual serves as a resource for better understanding the ecology of bats, their natural history, their role in providing ecosystem services, techniques used for monitoring populations, and for the detection, identification and monitoring of viruses naturally circulating in bats and that can have significant implication if they are transmitted to people either through direct contact, or indirectly, through livestock. This manual will engage professionals from multiple disciplines ranging from public health and veterinary medicine to natural resource managers and biologists, but most importantly, highlights the need to understand the anthropogenic drivers resulting in disease transmission from bats to people.

  • One Health One Flu - the opportunity we needed

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    11/19/2009 12:45:51 PM
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    Are influenza pandemics something we should be worrying about? What do we really know about their origin and emergence? This presentation, delivered at the ‘INFLUENZA at the interface between humans and animals’ conference by Ilaria Capua – Director of National, OIE/FAO Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza and OIE Collaborating Center for diseases at the human-animal interface – discusses these questions and more.

  • One World One Health Expert Consultation meeting

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    5/20/2009 9:55:37 AM
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    The final report of the One World One Health Expert Consultation meeting held in Winnipeg March 16-19 2009, prepared by the Public Health Agency of Canada. Document provides details of working sessions and feedback, as well as key recommendations.

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    This STEPS document analyses past policy approaches to avian influenza and identifies gaps between these approaches and a One World One Health approach. This document is useful for policy planners looking to develop or redevelop avian influenza (or other infectious animal disease) response policy aligned with the One Health agenda.

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    The report looks at the practical implications of implementing the six strategic foci identified in ‘Contributing to One World, One Health’ presented at the inter-ministerial meeting in Egypt 2008. The authors identify a number of challenges and key themes important for implementation.

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